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How to build a house or a comparison of construction technologies

25.07.2022

Prices, installation period, advantages and limitations of different residential building construction technologies.

State-of-the-art building technologies help to construct the reliable and energy-efficient buildings quickly, saving not only on materials and installation, but on operating and maintenance costs as well. For understanding of materials which are the most suitable for construction of the building, detailed knowledge of particularities and limitations of different construction solutions is required.

 

Rauta experts have analyzed construction technologies which are the most popular in Ukraine, including frameless solutions, traditional cottage and high-rise building construction methods.

 

Comparison of Low-Rise Capital Construction Technologies

Construction technology

Construction period, monthsPrice, $/m2AdvantagesLimitations

Sandwich Panel House

Sandwich Panel House

 

 

1-2750-1050
  • Maximum energy efficiency
  • No wet processes
  • All-season installation
  • Erection without truck crane
  • Installation in areas with remote concrete delivery
  • Possibility to relocate
  • Possibility to use without additional finishing works
  • Possibility to install in potentially impounded areas
  • Possibility to install in hard-to-reach areas
  • Up to 2 floors
  • Room width up to 4.5 m, any length

Thermal Block House

 

Thermal Block House

2-3550-700
  • The lowest price
  • High energy efficiency
  • High durability
  • No possibility to relocate
  • Wet processes
  • Flammability of foamed plastic
  • Low resistance to rodents
  • Environmental burden

Timber House

Timber House

2-3500-650
  • Environmentally friendly
    Good energy efficiency
    Installation in areas with remote concrete delivery
    Minimum need of truck crane
    Possibility to install in hard-to-reach areas
  • High flammability
    Up to 3 floors
    Regular renovation of fire protection and biologic protection

SIP Panel House

SIP Panel House

3-4700-800
  • High energy efficiency
  • Installation in areas with remote concrete delivery
  • Minimum need of truck crane
  • Possibility to install in potentially impounded areas
  • Possibility to install in hard-to-reach areas
  • Up to 3 floors
  • Wet processes
  • Regular renovation of fire protection and biologic protection

Frame and Straw Panel House

Frame and Straw Panel House

3-4650-850
  • Environmentally friendly
  • High energy efficiency
  • Installation in areas with remote concrete delivery
  • Minimum need of truck crane
  • Possibility to install in potentially impounded areas
  • Possibility to install in hard-to-reach areas
  • Up to 3 floors
  • No possibility to relocate
  • Wet processes
  • Regular renovation of fire protection and biologic protection

Frame Timber House

Frame Timber House

4-5700-850
  • Environmentally friendly
  • Installation in areas with remote concrete delivery
  • Minimum need of truck crane
  • Possibility to install in potentially impounded areas
  • Possibility to install in hard-to-reach areas
  • Up to 3 floors
  • No possibility to relocate
  • Wet processes
  • Regular renovation of fire protection and biologic protection

Steel Work House

Steel Work House

4-5900-1100
  • No wet processes
  • All-season installation
  • Installation in areas with remote concrete delivery
  • Many truck crane works
  • No possibility to relocate

LGSF House

LGSF House

6850-950
  • No wet processes
  • All-season installation
  • Minimum need of truck crane
  • Installation in areas with remote concrete delivery
  • Possibility to install in potentially impounded areas
  • Possibility to install in hard-to-reach areas
  • Up to 3 floors
  • Need to involve high-skilled installers
  • No possibility to relocate

Gas Concrete Block

Gas Concrete Block

 

6-9800-900
  • Waste experience of use
  • Easy in erection
  • Minimum need of truck crane
  • Possibility to install in hard-to-reach areas
  • Wet processes
  • No possibility to relocate
  • Need of external thermal insulation

Brick House

Brick House

 

9-15900-1100
  • Waste experience of use
  • Easy in erection
  • Minimum need of truck crane
  • Possibility to install in hard-to-reach areas
  • Wet processes
  • No possibility to relocate
  • Need of external thermal insulation

 

Comparison of High-Rise Construction Technologies

Construction technology

Construction period, monthsPrice, $/m2AdvantagesLimitations

Panel Building (pre-fabricated concrete frame)

Panel Building (pre-fabricated concrete frame)

 

7-8675-820
  • Waste experience of use
  • No need of internal plastering works
  • Frame elements pre-fabricated by manufacturer
  • Up to 26 floors
  • Efficient delivery within 150 km from production site
  • No possibility to change floor layout
  • Low sound insulation
  • Need of external thermal insulation
  • Low blast resistance

Metal Work Building

Metal Work Building

7-9790-830
  • Free floor layout
    Unlimited number of floors
    Frame elements pre-fabricated by manufacturer
    No need of external thermal insulation, if sandwich panels are used
  •  
  • Need of fire protection
  • Need to involve high-skilled installers

Monolith Reinforced Concrete Frame Building

Monolith Reinforced Concrete Frame Building

14-16750-910
  • High costs of construction in winter
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How to build a house or a comparison of construction technologies
How to build a house or a comparison of construction technologies
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